ConditionsToday, for tomorrow
It is natural to feel sad or down at times. This is a normal part of everyday life, but when someone experiences sad or negative feelings that interfere with normal functioning and that last for at least two weeks, they could be suffering from depression. The first sign of depression is often a change in the person’s usual behaviour.
Generalised Anxiety Disorder
To some extent we all worry. It is part of daily life to worry about relationships, deadlines, or arriving on time for an interview. However, some people experience excessive and unrealistic worry that interferes significantly with work or social functioning.
Schizophrenia is a severe and disabling illness that affects the brain. Approximately 1% of the population will develop schizophrenia during their lifetime. In spite of the relatively low prevalence, the illness has an enormous impact on the individual and on society in terms of the emotional suffering and financial burden. Schizophrenia typically appears in late adolescence or early adulthood and usually follows a life-long course.
Dementia is a descriptive term for a collection of symptoms that can be caused by a number of brain disorders. It is a progressive, degenerative brain syndrome that affects memory, thinking, behavior and emotion. Dementia is NOT a part of normal ageing.
Social Anxiety Disorder
In social situations that are unfamiliar or when having to perform in front of others, many people tend to feel concerned or apprehensive. However, for some the concern and apprehension, are often very intense and severe and have a marked influence on most aspects of their daily functioning. These individuals may suffer from social anxiety disorder, also known as social phobia.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a chronic, debilitating medical condition characterised by obsessions and compulsions. Obsessions are unwanted, distressing ideas, images or impulses, which repeatedly enter a person’s mind. Compulsions are repetitive thoughts or behaviour that the person feels obliged to perform in an attempt to reduce the distress created by the obsessions.
Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes extreme changes in mood, energy and the ability to function. The mood usually swings from ecstatic, irritable and/or aggressive (manic) to sad and hope-less (depression). Periods of fairly normal mood can be experienced between cycles.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Most of us have experienced some kind of traumatic event. Usually with time, the emotion related to the event decreases. However, there are a number of individuals who fail to escape the experience of a traumatic event, and remain anxious and severely distressed for extended periods of time. These people might have what is known as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Panic disorder is characterised by recurrent and unexpected panic attacks. These attacks may last from a few seconds to a few minutes, and are known to be extremely frightening and uncomfortable. Panic disorder is often accompanied by agoraphobia (an irrational fear of places or situations where escape is difficult).